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痛风患者怎么补充营养?

台味网养生系列-专注于台湾牛樟芝梅精和酵素代理批发 / 2014-08-09
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  得了痛风病不能吃肉不能喝酒,不能吃海鲜不能吃动物内脏,万恶的高嘌呤拦截了痛风患者的口福,甚至蔬菜类也有部分含有高嘌呤,这么多食物不能吃,究竟痛风患者怎么补充营养呢?下面让我们一起来详细了解。

 

  慎选饮食,吃的问题不能盲目

 

  饮食中固有的高嘌呤是诱发痛风的主要因素,上海中潭医院专家介绍,通常我们说,动物内脏、海鲜、红肉以及浓汤等食物中含有大量的高嘌呤物质,饮食中最好少吃或不吃,这是因为高嘌呤在体内聚积后会导致代谢紊乱,促使血尿酸急剧升高,诱发痛风发作。

 

  因此在吃的问题上不能盲目,一旦患有痛风,必须在饮食中适当调节,不能盲目调补,尤其是浓汤、排骨一类,更不能畅饮啤酒,这些易诱发痛风的因素都必须尽量避免,痛风患者补充的营养不在此处。

 

  补充营养,从这几个方面选择

 

  上海中潭医院专家介绍,痛风病古时候称作是富贵病,主要原因是因为高脂肪、高营养的物质摄入过多造成的,因此痛风病人的“营养”补充主要从微量元素、蛋白质、纤维素、维生素这几个方面进行。

 

  蛋白质:在摄取蛋白质的时候,最好是从牛奶、鸡蛋中摄取,如果是瘦肉、鸡鸭肉的话最好是煮沸后去汤食用。家禽及蛋类中嘌呤含量有限,对于血尿酸水平的影响较少,因此推荐痛风患者优先选择家禽及蛋类作为动物蛋白的主要来源。鸡蛋含有大量的维生素、矿物质及容易被人体利用的蛋白质,且热量仅相当于半个苹果或半杯牛奶,每天可以吃1~2个鸡蛋。

 

  多吃细粮:多吃细粮,少吃粗粮。细粮制品中嘌呤含量较粗粮少,碳水化物可促进尿酸排出,主食应以细粮为主,如可选用精白米、富强粉做的面食如馒头、面条、米饭等。

 

  多吃蔬菜:大部分青菜类蔬菜都可以吃,这类蔬菜中还含有许多对人体健康有益的元素,如矿物质、维生素、纤维素等,因此鼓励痛风患者多吃蔬菜。需要注意香菇类、豆类以及豆制品等应少吃,这类食物中含有一定的中嘌呤。

 

  少吃含果糖成分高的水果:一方面,水果可以碱化尿液促进尿酸排泄,但另一方面,水果中所含的果糖可升高血尿酸水平,从而导致痛风发病率的增加。痛风患者应注意挑选含果糖成分较低的水果,如青梅、西瓜、葡萄、草莓、樱桃、菠萝、桃子、李子等,少吃苹果、橙子、柚子、荔枝、柿子、龙眼、香蕉、杨梅、石榴等含果糖成分较高的水果。

 

  选择低脂奶:奶制品,尤其是低脂奶制品、脱脂奶等可降低血尿酸水平,减少痛风的发病率。而半脱脂、全脂牛奶及酸奶没有这样的作用。低脂奶的降尿酸作用可能与其中的微量元素、酪蛋白等相关,增加奶制品的摄入还可预防骨质疏松及降低心血管疾病、代谢综合征、某些恶性肿瘤的风险。

 

 饮用梅精:梅精是一种强碱性食品,痛风是因为体内尿酸含量高,梅精能够中和体内尿酸值, 经常饮用梅精能够预防痛风,治疗痛风。


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